Your Questions About Health And Fitness Articles

Donald asks…

What is an example for a murder that was done because of mental illness?

For some reason i cannot find it on the internet. Can i have a website to an article that has name of person who committed it, person who died and the date it was committed it will be nice if you tell me it but i can find it myself .Thanks in advance.

dknol answers:

In the United Kingdom, Ireland, and the United States, use of the defense is rare; since the Criminal Procedure (Insanity and Fitness to Plead) Act of 1991 [1], insanity pleas have steadily increased in the UK,[2] but it is more common to rely upon a state of temporary mental impairment. In the United States, this is not a legal defense, but a mitigating factor referred to as diminished responsibility (or diminished capacity). Mitigating factors, including things not eligible for the insanity defense like intoxication, may lead to reduced charges or reduced sentences. Lesser degrees of mental impairment may be reflected in sentencing or the partial defence of diminished responsibility, which results in a manslaughter rather than murder conviction.

The insanity defense is based on evaluations by forensic mental health professionals that the defendant was incapable of distinguishing between (legal) right and wrong or appreciating the nature of his or her actions at the time of the offense. Some jurisdictions require the evaluation to address the defendant's ability to control his or her behavior at the time of the offense (the volitional limb). A defendant claiming insanity is pleading “not guilty by reason of insanity” (NGRI) or “guilty but insane/mentally ill” in some jurisdictions which, if successful, may result in the defendant being committed to a psychiatric facility for an indeterminate period.

Diminished responsibility or diminished capacity can be employed as a mitigating factor or partial defence to murder and, in the United States, is applicable to more circumstances than the insanity defense. For example, some jurisdictions accept inebriation or other drug intoxication as mitigating factors, but do not accept intoxication as an insanity defense on its own. If diminished responsibility or capacity is presented convincingly, the charges may be reduced to the lesser offense of manslaughter or the sentence may be more lenient.

Sandy asks…

Do you have to be physically fit and in shape to be an occupational or physical therapist?

I was reading some articles and a man was saying to be a physical therapist you need to be physically fit, in shape,and very exercised-minded, I was wondering if this was true about physical therapy and if it was also true about occupational therapy? Do it depend on the setting or the situation? I think I want to be an occupational therapist, but I really do not like sports and all of the physical aspects. Any info. will help. Thanks in advance.

dknol answers:

You do not have to be a “sports minded individual.” PT and OT are about the restoration of function and ability to overcome disability…it's not a personal fitness trainer.

However, considering our profession and committment to health, it would benefit the PT or OT to at least maintain a healthy lifestyle. If we are going to promote to our patients to exercise, we should at least being doing something ourselves (even if it's just comittement to a walking program).

However, to say the very least, there are some PTs who specialize in sports medicine….for them, it would benefit them to have an interest in sports. This, however, is only a very small percentage of PTs.

Finally, even though one does not have to be a sports nut or in top physical shake, a PT or OT should be able to do at least the following: spend the majority of your day standing, able to multitask, be able to lift 50 pounds occasionally.

Nancy asks…

Is it really possible to make money with facebook?

I see a lot of people talking about it online and articles and blogs and stuff, but how do I do it? I know about applications, but I don't know any programming and hiring a programmer is expensive. Is there any other way to making money on facebook? Thx!

dknol answers:

Yes, there's a few ways you can make money with Facebook WITHOUT making an application. One of the most obvious ways is through Facebook Social Ads. This is like the new Google Ads, except it's not as effective for everything. You have to know what to advertise and what to promote.

Let me give you a really quick overview here. First off, the Facebook population is primarily college students and young people, so only a select few topics can be sold to them. These topics include online dating sites, health/diet/fitness products, and money-savings related topics.

You can sign-up for free at to become an affiliate and promote tons of different digital products.

Social Ads are those little ads you see on the left hand side of your Facebook page, like this:

The way it works is the person placing the ad pays either “CPC” which stands for “cost-per-click” or they pay “CPM” which stands for “cost-per-impression. Cost-per-click is pretty self-explanatory and all you need to know. But impressions, for your info, are the number of times an ad actually shows up.

So you pay a certain amount to get some number of clicks. When people click on the ad, it directs them to a ClickBank product with your affiliate link in it. The difference between the cost of running the advertisement (your budget), and the commission you get from the ClickBank product, is your profit. There's also ways to calculate and optimize this profit.

I linked a source article from Squidoo that has all of this laid out, in specific steps that you can follow more easily. Hope that helps!

Laura asks…

How many calories can I safely cut out?

I'm female, 23, weigh 240lbs, BHR of 65, no cholestoral or other health problems that I know of and can't seem to lose weight. I run 6 to 7 miles a day in an hour, but on an eliptical as I have a club foot.

What caloric intake should I be aiming for?
I'm female, 23, weigh 240lbs, BHR of 65, no cholestoral or other health problems that I know of and can't seem to lose weight. I run 6 to 7 miles a day in an hour, but on an eliptical as I have a club foot.

What caloric intake should I be aiming for?

(I should mention, I'm not interested in fad or crash diets, I've tried them all and don't really care to add on another one to my list of stuff that doesn't work)

dknol answers:

The following healthy living recommendations will help you if you’re trying to lose weight, tone up your muscles, have aspirations of building lean muscle mass, are attempting to get a wash board stomach, or just want to feel better:

*1) Burn more calories then you're consuming everyday and measure your results using the following formula: Calories Consumed minus Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) minus Physical Activity minus the Thermic Effect of Food (TEF). A website that explains this formula in more detail and will help you determine how many calories you need to reach or maintain a certain weight is at

Get a diet and fitness calculator that you can put on your computer or cell phone. This will allow you to easily calculate the above formula, set goals, log your daily calorie consumption, and register your physical activities.

Set realistic goals for your ideal body weight. Here are two websites that will calculate a suggested body weight:

It is difficult and unhealthy to lose more than one or two pounds per week. There are 3,500 calories in a pound. If you eat 500 fewer calories per day for a week you will lose one pound. If you burn through exercise 500 more calories per day for a week you will lose one pound.

*2) Eat natural and organic foods found on earth versus something created by a corporation to make money. Eat meals in small portions throughout the day and take a good multi-vitamin supplement.

Avoid “High Glycemic Load Carbs” (sugar, pastries, desserts, refined starches such as breads, pasta, refined grains like white rice; high starch vegetables such as potatoes) and drink lots of water. Read this article for more information on high GL Carbs:

Do not try fad diets or diet pills. Here is an excellent food pyramid that anyone can follow:

*3) Exercise on most days by doing cardiovascular training and/or resistance training activities.

Read a book or find a certified trainer to make sure your doing all resistance training exercises correctly. A great book to buy that teaches you the resistance training basics is “Weight Training for Dummies”. A superb magazine to buy with resistance training routines that will not get you bored is “Muscle and Fitness”. Signup for the free newsletter. An excellent free online resource is at

A good book to buy that teaches you the cardiovascular training basics is “Fitness for Dummies”.

*4) Get plenty of sleep. Sleep experts say most adults need between seven and nine hours of sleep each night for optimum performance, health, and safety.

*5) Educate yourself continually on health issues and make a life long commitment to good health. A great free publication is “Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005”. A superb book to read is “You The Owner’s Manual”. An excellent periodic publication is the “Nutrition Action Health Letter”. A reputable test you can take to measure your biological age is at

Look at all areas where you can enhance your health. For example, make improvements in the quality of the air you breathe. Review outdoor air quality forecasts where you live and get an indoor air purifier. Send me an email or yahoo instant message to “gainbetterhealth” if you want an indoor air purifier recommendation and if you have any questions.

*Click on all the source links below to get the full benefit of the recommendations. The answers presented to your health questions are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health providers with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

George asks…

What is the best way to self motivate myself to do exercise?

I have now decided to do more exercise to help make myself more toned and improve my fitness but I just can't seem to motivate myself to actually do the exercise so I need help to motivate myself do a workout at 5:00am

dknol answers:

The trick is trying to perfect yourself as much as possible to fulfill a goal, if your simply trying to workout just to look good then it'll be hard. Try getting into martial arts, you can just watch free videos and read articles if you can't afford to join a school, a lot of northern chinese kung fu schools focus on perfecting the body and mind. Also try to do interesting workouts that really push the limits of your body, not weight training or anything, but force yourself against gravity. I'm going to suggest what I always do on health forums, and that is 180 degree sit ups, and handstand pushups (with or without a wall support, I can't do it without a wall support). When you do the sit ups, hold a full glass of water and try not to spill a drop as you do them, it will increase focus and perfect the fluidity/smoothness of your movements.

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